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What is Mankading Rule? Here’s a look at the ‘Mankading’ instances in cricket

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Have you ever thought,  What is Mankading Rule?
Well, Controversy erupted in match number four of the Indian Premier League (IPL) 2019 season.
Kings XI Punjab traveled to Jaipur to play against Rajasthan Royals and ended up winning the match by 14 runs.
At one stage, the Royals looked determined to get over the line in their chase of 185.
Jos Buttler was batting to his strengths and had already amassed 69 off 43 deliveries. But in the 13th over, calamity struck. KXIP skipper R Ashwin decided to go the Mankading way to dismiss Buttler.
Buttler’s run out was the first instance of a batsman being Mankaded in the Indian Premier League (IPL).
Buttler was adjudged run out at the non-striker’s end as Ashwin claimed the Royals opener had left his crease before he could even load up into delivering the sixth ball in the 13th over.
The veteran spinner immediately appealed for the wicket and the third umpire was called into play even as the Kings XI skipper and Buttler had a heated exchange.
Eventually, Buttler was given out.
Since then there have been many reactions on social media sites regarding the dismissal. This also prompted mixed reactions from former cricketers and experts.
Many feel that although it’s within the laws of cricket, the idea of Mankading goes against the spirit of the game.

Reactions to Buttler’s dismissal

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Also, the words shared on official IPL twitter account on  What is Mankading Rule?

So What is Mankading Rule actually?

 What is Mankading Rule
Jos Buttler ‘Mankaded’ by R Ashwin. (Image: Twitter @IPL)

Now let’s draw our focus to the main question which is what is Mankading rule?
Now, this comes into play during situations where the batsman at the non-striker’s end leaves the crease before the bowler completes his delivery stride (or before the ball leaves the bowler’s hand).
The MCC, which handles the laws of cricket, had made corrections and clarifications to the controversial Mankading rule in 2017.
The rule that existed prior to 2017 stated that bowlers could attempt a run out only before entering their delivery stride.
But then after the rule change, bowlers are now allowed to run-out the batsman at the non-striker’s end up to the instant at which they “would be expected to deliver the ball”.

Here’s what the Law 41.16 reads.

“Non-striker leaving his/her ground early: If the non-striker is out of his/her ground from the moment the ball comes into play to the instant when the bowler would normally have been expected to release the ball, the bowler is permitted to attempt to run him/her out.
Whether the attempt is successful or not, the ball shall not count as one in the over.”
The law also states that if the bowler fails in an attempt to run out the non-striker, the umpire shall call and signal Dead ball as soon as possible.

A look at the ‘Mankading’ instances in cricket

Now let’s explore the incidents which happened before and followed the Mankading Rule.

#1 Keemo Paul vs Richard Ngarava

 What is Mankading Rule
West Indies’ Keemo Paul had Mankaded a Zimbabwe batsman in the U-19 World Cup. (Image: icc-cricket.com)

West Indies’ all-rounder Keemo Paul was the first player ever to Mankad a batsman in the ICC U19 Cricket World Cup.
Paul took it upon himself to make it happen in the 2016 edition. In a match against Zimbabwe, Paul decided to Mankad Richard Ngarava to help West Indies seal victory.
The thrilling Group C match, saw the winner progress to next round.
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As Paul approached the wicket to bowl the first ball over the over, non-striker Richard Ngarava began to slowly walk out of his crease.
But instead of starting his delivery stride when running past the wicket, Paul quickly removed the bails with the ball in his right hand and appealed for a runout.
Chasing West Indies’ 226, Zimbabwe were inches away from pulling off a scintillating victory, but Paul decided otherwise. With one wicket in hand, Zimbabwe needed 3 runs off the final over. Paul’s decision saw Zimbabwe fall short. Eventually, the Windies went on to win the World Cup after beating India.

#2 Sachithra Senanayake vs Jos Buttler

 What is Mankading Rule
Sachithra Senanayake after Mankading Jos Buttler in 2014. (Image: ibtimes.co.uk)

Monday’s incident wasn’t the first time when English wicket-keeper batsman Buttler was Mankaded.
A similar incident happened to him five years ago in 2014. England and Sri Lanka were engaged in a series-deciding fifth ODI.
England was once 170-6 while batting first at Edgbaston.
Buttler had accumulated 21 runs up till then when Sachithra Senanayake was bowling the 44th over of the match. In the third ball of the over, the off-spinner Mankaded him.
Skipper Angelo Mathews was asked about whether to let it go, but he didn’t and Buttler was sent back. Replays confirmed that Senanayake had already warned Buttler before getting him out.
Two years later, Buttler said, “It is obviously batsman error,” Buttler said to Cricket Australia. “If you walk out of your ground and someone wants to do it, it is in the laws of the game. It is all part of the game.”
Sri Lanka eventually won the match and also the series.

#3 Kapil Dev vs Peter Kirsten

 What is Mankading Rule
Peter Kirsten was Mankaded by Kapil Dev in 1992. (Image: cricket-freaks.com)

In 1992, India was in their tour of South Africa and was embroiled in an ODI series.
The two sides took the field at St George’s Park on 9th December 1992 for the second ODI of the seven-match series. Batting first, India were bundled out for a paltry 147, after Brian McMillan took four wickets in the match.
Peter Kirsten and Kepler Wessels at the crease and in the ninth over, Kapil Dev Mankaded Kirsten when he was batting on 5.
After Dev’s appeal, umpire Cyrus Mitchley raised his finger but that didn’t stop Kirsten from exchanging a few unpleasant words while walking back to the pavilion. The Proteas won the series 5-2.

These three incidents happened in the 1970s

There was plenty of drama in the Christchurch Test during England’s tour of New Zealand in 1978.
Ewen Chatfield was Mankaded by Derek Randall. England, however, went on to win the match by a big margin of 174 runs.
Pacer Chatfield later revealed he wasn’t happy with the decision he made back then. “It should never have been given out because I didn’t do it properly,” Chatfield was quoted as saying by stuff.co.nz.
Another incident took place in 1979. Pakistan had toured Australia in the two-match Test series.
Pakistan was on course to seal the series after Asif Iqbal put them in control with a century in the Perth Test.
But Alan Hurst, who claimed nine wickets in the match, decided to Mankad Sikander Bakht after he backed off too far. Australia won by seven wickets and drew the series 1-1.
In the year 1975, Greg Chappell’s Mankading of Brian Luckhurst during New Year’s Day in 1975 was the first time the incident occurred in ODI cricket. But England comfortably chased down Australia’s total of 190 at the MCG.

Vinoo Mankad and where it all started

The term ‘Mankading’ was coined in 1947 during India’s tour of Australia after Vinoo Mankad ran out Bill Brown.
Mankad paused during the delivery stride of his run-up and broke the wicket at the non-striker’s end, whilst Brown was out of his crease.
Since that day, any batsman that was dismissed in a similar fashion was ‘Mankaded’ by the bowler.
Back then, the Australian captain, Don Bradman supported Mankad, but the Australian Press criticized him for being unsportsmanlike.

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